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Full Blood Count

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A Complete Blood Count (CBC) is a common blood test that provides important information about the types and numbers of cells in the blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The CBC is a routine test that is often ordered as part of a regular physical examination or to help diagnose a variety of conditions, such as infections, anemia, leukemia, and other blood disorders.

A CBC test uses a needle to draw a small sample of blood from a vein in your arm. The sample is then sent to a lab for analysis. The CBC measures several blood components, including red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), white blood cell (WBC) count, and platelet count (Plt). These measurements can provide valuable information about overall health and can help identify potential health problems.

The CBC is a simple and non-invasive test that can be performed quickly and easily in most medical settings. It is an essential tool for evaluating the health of your blood cells and can provide important insight into your overall health.

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Awaiting result:

One day

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Collect material:

Blood

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Prepare:

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Purpose of the test

The Complete Blood Count (CBC) is a comprehensive blood test that can provide valuable information about the state of your health. The CBC measures the number and characteristics of different types of cells in your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

The test is used for a variety of purposes, including diagnosis, monitoring, and screening.

Diagnosis: The CBC can help diagnose a range of health conditions by providing information about the number and characteristics of different types of cells in the blood. For example, a low red blood cell count (anemia) may indicate iron deficiency or other underlying conditions. A high white blood cell count may indicate an infection or inflammation. A low platelet count may indicate bleeding disorders or bone marrow problems.

Monitoring: The CBC can also be used to monitor how the body is responding to different diseases or medical treatments. For example, it can help track changes in red blood cell counts during chemotherapy or monitor white blood cell counts during treatment for infections.

Screening: The CBC is often used as part of routine health screenings to assess overall health status and identify potential health problems before they become more serious. Early detection through routine screening can lead to earlier treatment and better outcomes.

The CBC is an important tool for assessing patient health because it provides a comprehensive picture of the state of the patient's blood cells. It can help identify potential health problems before they become more serious and can guide treatment decisions.

Who Should Get Tested

A Complete Blood Count (CBC) is a routine blood test that may be recommended for a variety of reasons.

Here are some examples of people who may benefit from a CBC:

- People with symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, weakness, or shortness of breath
- People with symptoms of infection, such as fever, chills, or body aches
- Anyone with unexplained bruising or bleeding
- anyone with a family history of blood disorders or cancer
- Individuals receiving chemotherapy or radiation for cancer
- People with chronic medical conditions, such as kidney or liver disease
- Pregnant women to monitor their health and the health of their developing fetus


In addition to these specific examples, CBC may also be recommended as part of a routine health examination for people of all ages. Routine screening can help identify potential health problems before they become more serious and can help guide treatment decisions.

It is important to note that the decision to recommend CBC testing depends on individual factors such as age, medical history, and current symptoms. Your healthcare provider can help determine if a CBC test is appropriate for you.

The CBC test is a valuable tool for assessing a patient's health and can provide important information about the condition of your blood cells. If you have any concerns about your health or are experiencing symptoms that may indicate an underlying medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider about whether a CBC test is appropriate for you.

Blood Test Preparation Guidelines
Time of day
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It is recommended to schedule your appointment for blood tests in the morning hours between 7:00-10:00.
Fasting
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It is recommended to fast for approximately 12 hours before blood sampling. The last meal of the previous day should ideally be consumed around 6:00 p.m. On the day before the test, avoid heavy and fatty meals as well as alcohol.
Stay hydrated
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Drinking water prior to testing can help with sample collection.
Other factors
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Tests should not be performed after a sleepless night or intense physical activity. It is recommended to avoid exercise and stress immediately before blood collection and to not smoke. A short rest is recommended.
Medications and supplements:
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Blood samples should be collected before the morning dose. Some drugs can interfere with test results. Consult with your doctor whether you can delay your dose because of lab tests.
Biotin supplements:
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High doses of biotin supplements can affect test results, causing false elevation or reduction. It's recommended to avoid taking biotin for at least 72 hours before blood collection. If you are taking biotin, inform the personnel collecting the blood so that they can provide specific instructions.
Interpreting Test Results

The results of a complete blood count (CBC) can provide valuable information about the condition of your blood cells.

Here are some key components of the CBC and what they can tell you:

- Red blood cell (RBC) count: The normal range for adults is usually between 4.5 and 5.5 million cells per microliter (mcL). A low RBC count may indicate anemia, while a high count may indicate dehydration or other underlying conditions.
- Hemoglobin (Hb): The normal range for adults is usually between 13.5 and 17.5 grams per deciliter (g/dL) for men and between 12.0 and 15.5 g/dL for women. A low Hb level may indicate anemia, while a high level may indicate dehydration or other underlying conditions.
- Hematocrit (Hct): The normal range for adults is typically between 38% and 50% for men and between 34% and 45% for women. A low Hct may indicate anemia, while a high Hct may indicate dehydration or other underlying conditions.
- White blood cell (WBC) count: The normal range for adults is typically between 4,500 and 11,000 cells per mcL. A high WBC count may indicate infection or inflammation, while a low count may indicate bone marrow problems or other underlying conditions.
- Platelet count (Plt): The normal range for adults is usually between 150,000 and 450,000 cells per mcL. A low platelet count may indicate bleeding disorders or bone marrow problems, while a high count may indicate inflammation or other underlying conditions.

It is important to note that interpretation of CBC results depends on individual factors such as age, gender, medical history, and current symptoms. Your healthcare provider can help you interpret your CBC results in the context of your overall health and guide any necessary treatment decisions.

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