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Hepatitis B Immunity Titre

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Hepatitis B blood test is a diagnostic tool used to detect the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the blood. Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and can cause serious health problems if left untreated. The test works by detecting specific proteins and antibodies produced by the body in response to HBV infection. It is a simple blood test that can be performed in a laboratory or at home using a self-testing kit. The results of the test can help healthcare providers determine whether a person has been infected with HBV, whether they are currently infected, and whether they have developed immunity to the virus. This information can be used to guide treatment decisions and prevent further transmission of the virus.

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Awaiting result:

One day

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Collect material:

Blood

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Prepare:

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Purpose of the test

The Hepatitis B Test is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and management of various conditions related to HBV infection. The test can be used to accomplish the following goals:

1. Identify current HBV infection: The test can detect the presence of HBV antigens in the blood, indicating that an individual is currently infected with the virus. This information is critical for initiating appropriate treatment and preventing further transmission of the virus.

2. Determine past exposure to HBV: The test can also detect antibodies produced by the body in response to past exposure to HBV. This information can help healthcare providers determine whether a person has developed immunity to the virus or is at risk of developing chronic infection.

3. Monitor disease progression: For individuals with chronic HBV infection, regular testing can help monitor disease progression and guide treatment decisions.

4. Assess liver function: Hepatitis B can cause inflammation and damage to the liver, which can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. Test results can provide important information about liver function and help healthcare providers determine if additional testing or treatment is needed.

5. Prevent transmission: Early detection of HBV infection is essential to prevent further transmission of the virus. People who are infected with HBV may not have symptoms, but they can still transmit the virus to others through blood or other bodily fluids.

It is important to note that hepatitis B is a serious health condition that can lead to liver failure, cirrhosis, and even death if left untreated. Early detection through testing is critical to preventing these complications and improving patient outcomes.

Individuals at increased risk for HBV infection should consider getting tested, including those who

- Have had unprotected sex with multiple partners
- Have shared needles or other drug injection equipment
- Were born in regions where hepatitis B is common (such as Asia, Africa, or Eastern Europe)
- Have a history of liver disease or abnormal liver function tests


Hepatitis B testing is a valuable tool for diagnosing and managing HBV infection. Early detection through testing can help prevent serious health complications and improve patient outcomes. Individuals at increased risk for HBV infection should consider getting tested to protect their health and prevent transmission of the virus.

Who Should Get Tested

Hepatitis B testing is recommended for individuals at increased risk for HBV infection.

This includes

- Infants born to mothers infected with HBV
- Individuals who have had unprotected sex with multiple partners
- People who have shared needles or other drug injection equipment
- Healthcare workers who may be exposed to blood or other body fluids
- Individuals with a history of liver disease or abnormal liver function tests
- People born in regions where hepatitis B is common (such as Asia, Africa, or Eastern Europe)


In addition, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all pregnant women be tested for HBV infection during their first prenatal visit. This is because infants born to mothers infected with HBV are at high risk of developing chronic infection and serious health complications.

It is important to note that many people with HBV infection may not have symptoms but can still transmit the virus to others. Therefore, testing is essential for early detection and treatment of infection and prevention of further transmission.

Hepatitis B testing is indicated for individuals who are at increased risk of HBV infection or who may have been exposed to the virus. If you fall into one of these categories, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider about getting tested.

Blood Test Preparation Guidelines
Time of day
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It is recommended to schedule your appointment for blood tests in the morning hours between 7:00-10:00.
Fasting
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It is recommended to fast for approximately 12 hours before blood sampling. The last meal of the previous day should ideally be consumed around 6:00 p.m. On the day before the test, avoid heavy and fatty meals as well as alcohol.
Stay hydrated
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Drinking water prior to testing can help with sample collection.
Other factors
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Tests should not be performed after a sleepless night or intense physical activity. It is recommended to avoid exercise and stress immediately before blood collection and to not smoke. A short rest is recommended.
Medications and supplements:
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Blood samples should be collected before the morning dose. Some drugs can interfere with test results. Consult with your doctor whether you can delay your dose because of lab tests.
Biotin supplements:
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High doses of biotin supplements can affect test results, causing false elevation or reduction. It's recommended to avoid taking biotin for at least 72 hours before blood collection. If you are taking biotin, inform the personnel collecting the blood so that they can provide specific instructions.
Interpreting Test Results

Interpreting hepatitis B test results can be complex and should be done in consultation with a healthcare provider or specialist. Here are some general guidelines for interpreting test results:

- HBsAg: This test detects the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the blood. A positive result indicates that a person is currently infected with HBV. A negative result indicates that a person is not currently infected.

- Anti-HBs: This test detects antibodies produced by the body in response to HBV infection or vaccination. A positive result indicates that a person has developed immunity to HBV. A negative result may indicate that a person is at risk of developing chronic infection.

- Anti-HBc: This test detects antibodies produced by the body in response to HBV infection. A positive result indicates that a person has been exposed to HBV at some point in their life, but does not indicate current infection status.

- HBeAg: This test detects the presence of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) in the blood. A positive result indicates that a person is highly infectious and may require treatment to prevent further transmission of the virus.

It is important to note that interpretation of test results may vary depending on factors such as age, vaccination status, and previous exposure to HBV. Therefore, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider or specialist for accurate interpretation of test results.

Interpretation of hepatitis B test results requires careful consideration and should be done in consultation with a healthcare provider or specialist. Understanding the meaning of each test result can help guide treatment decisions and prevent further transmission of the virus.

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