Phosphate

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Phosphate levels are checked to see if a patient has a kidney or bone-related disease or to identify problems with certain glands, such as the parathyroid glands. Phosphate is a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid. The body needs phosphate to build and repair bones and teeth and to help the nervous system function. A high level of phosphate in the blood is usually caused by a kidney problem since they help control the amount of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels also affects the level of calcium in the blood, so both calcium and phosphate levels are usually measured at the same time. In animals, rat poison containing phosphorus has been responsible for intoxication, including secondary poisoning. Chemical tests must be used for confirmation since clinical and pathological findings are usually not sufficient.

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Awaiting result:

One day

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Collect material:

Blood

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Prepare:

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Purpose of the test

The Phosphate in Blood test measures the amount of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate is an electrically charged particle containing the mineral phosphorus, which collaborates with calcium to fortify bones and teeth. The kidneys typically filter and eliminate excess phosphate. Abnormal phosphate levels can indicate kidney disease or other serious disorders.

Who Should Get Tested

This test is recommended for individuals showing symptoms of kidney disease or a parathyroid disorder, such as fatigue, muscle cramps, or bone pain. Additionally, if there are anomalies in calcium levels, a phosphate test might be suggested since calcium and phosphate work in tandem.



Preparing for the Test
Fasting
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Depending on the type of cholesterol test, you may be required to fast for 9 to 12 hours before the test. This means avoiding all food and drinks except water. Fasting is usually required for a lipid panel, which measures LDL and HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.
Medications
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Inform your healthcare provider about any medications you are currently taking, including over-the-counter medications and supplements, as they can affect your test results.
Alcohol
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Avoid alcohol consumption for at least 24 hours before the test, as alcohol can raise triglyceride levels.
Exercise
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Avoid heavy exercise for 24 hours before the test, as this can also affect cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Smoking
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Avoid smoking or using any nicotine products for at least 30 minutes before the test, as they can temporarily increase cholesterol levels.
Follow instructions
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Follow any specific instructions provided by your healthcare provider, such as the time of day to take the test or any dietary restrictions.
Interpreting Test Results

Test results might display phosphorus levels instead of phosphate, as the terms can be used interchangeably. High phosphate/phosphorus levels can indicate conditions like kidney disease, hypoparathyroidism, or excessive vitamin D. Conversely, low levels might suggest hyperparathyroidism, malnutrition, or alcoholism. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a comprehensive understanding of the results. Factors like diet or bone growth in children can also influence phosphate levels.

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