Phosphate

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Phosphate levels are checked to see if a patient has a kidney or bone-related disease or to identify problems with certain glands, such as the parathyroid glands. Phosphate is a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid. The body needs phosphate to build and repair bones and teeth and to help the nervous system function. A high level of phosphate in the blood is usually caused by a kidney problem since they help control the amount of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels also affects the level of calcium in the blood, so both calcium and phosphate levels are usually measured at the same time. In animals, rat poison containing phosphorus has been responsible for intoxication, including secondary poisoning. Chemical tests must be used for confirmation since clinical and pathological findings are usually not sufficient.

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Awaiting result:

One day

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Collect material:

Blood

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Prepare:

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Purpose of the test

The Phosphate in Blood test measures the amount of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate is an electrically charged particle containing the mineral phosphorus, which collaborates with calcium to fortify bones and teeth. The kidneys typically filter and eliminate excess phosphate. Abnormal phosphate levels can indicate kidney disease or other serious disorders.

Who Should Get Tested

This test is recommended for individuals showing symptoms of kidney disease or a parathyroid disorder, such as fatigue, muscle cramps, or bone pain. Additionally, if there are anomalies in calcium levels, a phosphate test might be suggested since calcium and phosphate work in tandem.



Blood Test Preparation Guidelines
Time of day
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It is recommended to schedule your appointment for blood tests in the morning hours between 7:00-10:00.
Fasting
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It is recommended to fast for approximately 12 hours before blood sampling. The last meal of the previous day should ideally be consumed around 6:00 p.m. On the day before the test, avoid heavy and fatty meals as well as alcohol.
Stay hydrated
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Drinking water prior to testing can help with sample collection.
Other factors
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Tests should not be performed after a sleepless night or intense physical activity. It is recommended to avoid exercise and stress immediately before blood collection and to not smoke. A short rest is recommended.
Medications and supplements:
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Blood samples should be collected before the morning dose. Some drugs can interfere with test results. Consult with your doctor whether you can delay your dose because of lab tests.
Biotin supplements:
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High doses of biotin supplements can affect test results, causing false elevation or reduction. It's recommended to avoid taking biotin for at least 72 hours before blood collection. If you are taking biotin, inform the personnel collecting the blood so that they can provide specific instructions.
Interpreting Test Results

Test results might display phosphorus levels instead of phosphate, as the terms can be used interchangeably. High phosphate/phosphorus levels can indicate conditions like kidney disease, hypoparathyroidism, or excessive vitamin D. Conversely, low levels might suggest hyperparathyroidism, malnutrition, or alcoholism. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a comprehensive understanding of the results. Factors like diet or bone growth in children can also influence phosphate levels.

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