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Urine Creatinine


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The Creatinine Urine Test is a diagnostic procedure that measures the amount of creatinine present in the urine. Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscle metabolism. Normally, the kidneys filter out creatinine and other waste products from the blood, which are then excreted through urination. This test helps in evaluating the functioning of the kidneys and can be instrumental in diagnosing kidney-related conditions.

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Purpose of the test

The primary purpose of the Creatinine Urine Test is to assess the functionality of the kidneys. By measuring the amount of creatinine in the urine, healthcare professionals can determine how effectively the kidneys are filtering out waste products from the bloodstream. This test is crucial for diagnosing or ruling out kidney diseases and other conditions that might affect the kidneys, such as muscle disorders.

Who Should Get Tested

This test is recommended for individuals who might be experiencing kidney problems. Since creatinine is a byproduct of muscle metabolism, any irregularities in its excretion can indicate issues with kidney function. The test is particularly useful for those showing symptoms of kidney disease or other conditions affecting the kidneys. It's also used to monitor the health of individuals with known kidney conditions.

Blood Test Preparation Guidelines
Time of day
It is recommended to schedule your appointment for blood tests in the morning hours between 7:00-10:00.
It is recommended to fast for approximately 12 hours before blood sampling. The last meal of the previous day should ideally be consumed around 6:00 p.m. On the day before the test, avoid heavy and fatty meals as well as alcohol.
Stay hydrated
Drinking water prior to testing can help with sample collection.
Other factors
Tests should not be performed after a sleepless night or intense physical activity. It is recommended to avoid exercise and stress immediately before blood collection and to not smoke. A short rest is recommended.
Medications and supplements:
Blood samples should be collected before the morning dose. Some drugs can interfere with test results. Consult with your doctor whether you can delay your dose because of lab tests.
Biotin supplements:
High doses of biotin supplements can affect test results, causing false elevation or reduction. It's recommended to avoid taking biotin for at least 72 hours before blood collection. If you are taking biotin, inform the personnel collecting the blood so that they can provide specific instructions.
Interpreting Test Results

Creatinine levels in the urine can vary based on factors like age and muscle mass. Typically, normal urine creatinine values range from 955 to 2,936 mg per 24 hours for males and 601 to 1,689 mg per 24 hours for females. However, these values can differ across laboratories. Values outside the typical range might indicate conditions like kidney disease, kidney infections, kidney failure, or muscle disorders. It's essential to discuss the results with a healthcare provider for a comprehensive understanding and any necessary follow-up.

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